path: root/hurd/what_is_the_gnu_hurd.mdwn
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authorThomas Schwinge <>2008-11-05 12:29:44 +0100
committerThomas Schwinge <>2008-11-05 12:29:44 +0100
commit1025353771167067d3a6f8eca98ee3e7ece44be1 (patch)
tree94d6e74841b2dd658b176e23a34b5703d5e501e4 /hurd/what_is_the_gnu_hurd.mdwn
parentd1e821a382c0b07ba74dc7d6c4c68458773b3484 (diff)
Unify perhaps a thousand paragraphs stating what *the Hurd* is.
Hurd/TheGnuHurd -> hurd/what_is_the_gnu_hurd hurd/faq/gramatically_speaking -> hurd/what_is_the_gnu_hurd/gramatically_speaking Hurd/HurdNames, hurd-name.html -> hurd/what_is_the_gnu_hurd/origin_of_the_name Etc.
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+[[meta copyright="Copyright © 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008 Free
+Software Foundation, Inc."]]
+[[meta license="""[[toggle id="license" text="GFDL 1.2+"]][[toggleable
+id="license" text="Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this
+document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or
+any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant
+Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license
+is included in the section entitled
+[[meta title="What Is the GNU Hurd?"]]
+The Hurd is the GNU project's replacement for the [[Unix]] kernel.
+The Hurd is firstly a collection of protocols formalizing how different
+components may interact. The protocols are designed to reduce the mutual
+[[trust]] requirements of the actors thereby permitting a more
+[[extensible|extensibility]] system. These include interface definitions to
+manipulate files and directories and to resolve path names. This allows any
+process to implement a file system. The only requirement is that it have
+access to its backing store and that the [[principal]] that started it own the
+file system node to which it connects.
+The Hurd is also a set of servers that implement these protocols.
+They include file systems, network protocols and authentication.
+The servers run on top of the [[microkernel/Mach]] [[microkernel]] and use
+Mach's [[microkernel/mach/IPC]] mechanism to transfer information.
+The Hurd supplies the last major software component needed for a complete
+[[GNU_operating_system|running/gnu]] as originally conceived by Richard
+M. Stallman (RMS) in 1983. The GNU vision directly drove the creation and has
+guided the evolution of the [Free Software Foundation](, the
+organization that is the home of the [GNU project](
+The Hurd development effort is a somewhat separate project from the
+[[Debian_GNU/Hurd|hurd/running/debian]] port.
+Read about what the GNU Hurd is [[gramatically_speaking]].
+Read about the [[origin_of_the_name]].