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+[[!meta copyright="Copyright © 2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc."]]
+
+[[!meta license="""[[!toggle id="license" text="GFDL 1.2+"]][[!toggleable
+id="license" text="Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this
+document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or
+any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant
+Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license
+is included in the section entitled [[GNU Free Documentation
+License|/fdl]]."]]"""]]
+
+[[!meta date="2016-12-18 22:00 UTC"]]
+
+GNU Hurd 0.9, GNU Mach 1.8, GNU MIG 1.8 released.
+[[!if test="included()" then="""[[!toggle id=full_news
+text="Details."]][[!toggleable id=full_news text="[[!paste id=full_news]]"]]"""
+else="
+[[!paste id=full_news]]"]]
+
+[[!cut id="full_news" text="""
+
+We're pleased to announce new releases!
+
+ * **GNU Hurd 0.9**,
+ [NEWS](http://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/hurd/hurd.git/tree/NEWS?id=v0.9):
+
+ Version 0.9 (2016-12-18)
+
+ The 'boot' program can now be run as unprivileged user, allowing any
+ user to create unprivileged Subhurds.
+
+ An ethernet multiplexer (eth-multiplexer translator) has been merged
+ into this repository. This is a network multiplexer that makes
+ available virtual interfaces, and routes traffic between these and a
+ real ethernet interface. It uses the Berkeley Packet Filter library
+ (libbpf), which has also been merged. The ethernet multiplexer now
+ generates and uses stable pseudo-random ethernet addresses for the
+ virtual interfaces.
+
+ As usual, bugs have been fixed throughout the code, notably in
+ libpager and ext2fs which now gracefully handles running out of space.
+ Further compatibility fixes have been applied (for compliance to
+ standards such as POSIX).
+
+ Release tarballs may be downloaded from <ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/hurd/>,
+ <http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/hurd/>, or checked out of Git,
+ <http://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/hurd/hurd.git>. SHA1 checksums:
+
+ 7e6f406e5202501216a0da4b4ee7914f1e0a7552 hurd-0.9.tar.bz2
+ ffa8d40a99835824a0228bf54570c054d7fe8bf0 hurd-0.9.tar.bz2.sig
+ ef999452b794d7239a5ed98999def51bf11c8c17 hurd-0.9.tar.gz
+ 5f5d34bbbe8cccafbe79f13103d7e48b3a2baddf hurd-0.9.tar.gz.sig
+
+ The [[**GNU Hurd**|hurd]] is the GNU project's replacement for the [[Unix]]
+ kernel. It is a collection of [[servers|hurd/translator]] that run on the
+ Mach microkernel to implement file systems, network protocols, file access
+ control, and other features that are implemented by the Unix kernel or
+ similar kernels (such as Linux). More detailed: [[hurd/documentation]],
+ [[hurd/what_is_the_GNU_Hurd]].
+
+ * **GNU Mach 1.8**,
+ [NEWS](http://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/hurd/gnumach.git/tree/NEWS?id=v1.8):
+
+ Version 1.8 (2016-12-18)
+
+ The memory management system was extensively reworked. A new type for
+ physical addresses is now used where appropriate, and the system can
+ make use of the high memory segment. Many paging issues have been
+ addressed, and as a result the system handles low memory situations
+ more gracefully now.
+
+ The virtual memory system now uses a red-black tree for allocations,
+ and as a result it now supports tasks with tens of thousands of
+ mappings.
+
+ Debugging and error reporting has been improved. Among other things
+ the VM maps are now augmented with names that are used in error
+ messages, panics and assertions point to their locations, the lock
+ debugging mechanism has been fixed, and the kernel debugger can now
+ inspect stack traces reaching into the machine-dependent bits
+ implemented in assembler.
+
+ As usual, bugs have been fixed throughout the code, including minor
+ issues with the gsync synchronization mechanism which is now used for
+ the internal locks in the GNU C Library (glibc).
+
+ The deprecated external memory management interface has been removed.
+
+ The partial ACPI support has been removed.
+
+ Release tarballs may be downloaded from <ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/gnumach/>,
+ <http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/gnumach/>, or checked out of Git,
+ <http://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/hurd/gnumach.git>. SHA1 checksums:
+
+ 4b59c7f7bc814576d2b88c43c0cdba292824f230 gnumach-1.8.tar.bz2
+ e6262e991a1e056bb87741a9456811cf73e8f7cd gnumach-1.8.tar.bz2.sig
+ 8cbebcbee624c64d926de8779272821c67663da5 gnumach-1.8.tar.gz
+ 28c4a65db3c04bf7508b74a187a3d6aae3a5ce31 gnumach-1.8.tar.gz.sig
+
+ [[**GNU Mach**|microkernel/mach/gnumach]] is the GNU distribution of the
+ [[Mach microkernel|microkernel/mach]], upon which a GNU Hurd system is
+ based. The [[microkernel]] provides an [[Inter Process Communication
+ (IPC)|ipc]] mechanism that the Hurd uses to define interfaces for
+ implementing in a distributed multi-server fashion the services a
+ traditional operating system kernel provides. More detailed:
+ [[microkernel/mach/documentation]].
+
+ * **GNU MIG 1.8**,
+ [NEWS](http://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/hurd/mig.git/tree/NEWS?id=v1.8):
+
+ Version 1.8 (2016-12-18)
+
+ A spurious warning in the generated code has been fixed.
+
+ Release tarballs may be downloaded from <ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/mig/>,
+ <http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/mig/>, or checked out of Git,
+ <http://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/hurd/mig.git>. SHA1 checksums:
+
+ f765881d6ed4e883372eee52fd7842e7048a3da8 mig-1.8.tar.bz2
+ 2091b6632176eeba1dac524d0ae939334ed51fdb mig-1.8.tar.bz2.sig
+ 40ae7a5a12e3e5669a2c449be7ebe53c72c90b3a mig-1.8.tar.gz
+ 054ca62368fb7d8e95ca1447510905e3df8906d8 mig-1.8.tar.gz.sig
+
+ [[**GNU MIG**|microkernel/mach/mig/gnu_mig]] is the GNU distribution of the
+ [[Mach 3.0 Interface Generator (MIG)|microkernel/mach/mig]]. This tool
+ translates [[Remote Procedure Call (RPC)|rpc]] definition files to C code,
+ and is required to compile any packages that are receiving or invoking
+ RPCs, such as GNU Mach, GNU Hurd, and the GNU C Library (glibc) when
+ compiled for the Hurd. More detailed:
+ [[microkernel/mach/mig/documentation]].
+
+ * **glibc-2.23-hurd+libpthread-20161218**
+
+ Based on the [[glibc]] 2.23 release, we include additional changes for GNU
+ Hurd support, and bundle GNU Hurd's [[libpthread]].
+
+ Snapshot tarballs may be downloaded from <ftp://alpha.gnu.org/gnu/hurd/>,
+ <http://alpha.gnu.org/gnu/hurd/>, or checked out of Git,
+ <http://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/hurd/glibc.git> and
+ <http://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/hurd/libpthread.git>. SHA1 checksums:
+
+ 55c9b6c61991a9ea585f019c787fe0e1da756cd4 glibc-2.23-hurd+libpthread-20161218.tar.bz2
+ 1475fff2029fcd2c655d6ea05af5efa74d224b4f glibc-2.23-hurd+libpthread-20161218.tar.bz2.sig
+ 870425f4398b514ecac06e88fc21e13536eece4f glibc-2.23-hurd+libpthread-20161218.tar.gz
+ e8c9c6ba34cd4bbabb8fadd28f335430ca88ff0b glibc-2.23-hurd+libpthread-20161218.tar.gz.sig
+
+ The [[**GNU C Library** (glibc)|glibc]] implements a system's standard
+ library functions (as described by ISO C, and POSIX, for example). An
+ important part of the Hurd actually resides in glibc: here, the system
+ interfaces are implemented on top of the [[Hurd IPC
+ protocols|hurd/interface]]. This is different to the Linux port, where
+ most simple system interfaces are in fact simply forwarded to/implemented
+ as [[system_call]]s.
+
+Many thanks to all the people who are helping!
+
+If you want to give the Hurd a try, you may easily do so with [[Debian
+GNU/Hurd|hurd/running/debian]].
+
+The GNU Hurd system currently runs on 32-bit x86 machines. To compile the
+Hurd, you need a toolchain configured to target `i?86-gnu`; you cannot use a
+toolchain targeting GNU/Linux.
+
+Please read the [[FAQ]].
+Bug reports should be sent to [[mailing_lists/bug-hurd]] or filed on
+<http://savannah.gnu.org/bugs/?group=hurd>. Requests for assistance
+should be sent to [[mailing_lists/help-hurd]] or filed on
+<http://savannah.gnu.org/support/?group=hurd>. You can also find us on
+the Freenode IRC network in the [[#hurd|IRC]] channel.
+
+"""]]