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# General Information
(!) Some general hints first; they may sound very familiar from other software
* Do independent changes *separately*: don't aggregate changes that don't
* Install your changes *early* and *often*: don't hold your contribution back
until you think it is perfect.
Before doing any changes, you are encouraged to play a bit in the
[[sandbox]], to become familiar with the [[ikiwiki/Markdown]] syntax. Get some
## Commit Messages
Please comment every change you make, however small. Keep all comments short
and to the point, e.g. "Fixed typo." or "Added link to main page.".
## Asking Questions -- on Sub-Pages
Feel free to ask questions or report problems on every page's [[discussion]]
sub-page. They're reachable from the *Discussion* link on the top of the page,
which will, when selected, create a new page if there isn't one yet.
## Editing Pages
Every page on the site is editable, like in a wiki. Feel free to join in, but
we do have some simple requests. Please try to match the *tone* of your topics
and edits with the existing topics. If we all pull in the same direction these
pages will be more useful for everyone, especially for our own use.
### Which Pages to Work on?
If you don't know which pages to work on, please have a look at those tagged
with [[tag/open_issue_documentation]]. Typically, you'll have to look at the
pages' source code (Markdown) to see which parts the tag applies to.
### News Items
There are [[more detailed instructions about editing news items|news]].
## <a name="staging_area">Staging Area</a>
When you commit changes, either using the web interface or checking them in
into the repository; they won't become visible on
<http://www.gnu.org/software/hurd/> immediately, but on
<http://darnassus.sceen.net/~hurd-web/> instead. The former set of pages,
the official GNU Hurd web appearance, will be updated periodically (but
manually) from the latter one, where every edit is visible immediately. This
is so that we have a chance to have the pages make fit for appearance on
`www.gnu.org`, but you are nevertheless able to work on all pages
# Editing via the Web Interface
When you have found a page you want to work on, just follow the *Edit* link at the
top of the page. When doing this for the first time, this will first redirect
you to a page where you will have to create an account. After logging in, you
can edit pages.
# Working on a Checkout of the Git Repository
(!) What is being described here is only the basics. The checkouts are
completely valid Git repositories and can (and want to) be treated as such.
Consult the Git documentation about how to shuffle around with branches, how to
rename files, how to add arbitrary data files, and so on.
(!) Before attempting any bigger editing work (to which you are sincerely
invited!) be sure to check the involved pages' *Discussion* sub-pages (linked
from the pages' header line) and in there take down (short) notes about the
editing endeavours you're going to undertake. Doing so should help to (a) avoid
double work and (b) avoid merge conflicts if you install your changes into the
## Ikiwiki Installation
You'll want to install [[ikiwiki]] in order to locally render the pages you're
### Debian Wheezy
$ apt-get install ikiwiki libyaml-syck-perl markdown libsearch-xapian-perl texinfo
## Identifying Yourself
First, let's make sure that you're properly identifying yourself towards Git.
$ git var GIT_AUTHOR_IDENT
Thomas Schwinge <email@example.com> 1186743435 +0200
If it doesn't look akin to that for you, you'd better adjust either your
`EMAIL` environment variable or alternatively tell Git about your real
$ git config --global user.name 'Your Name'
$ git config --global user.email firstname.lastname@example.org
## Getting the Sources
To be able to do a checkout from which you can later directly push your
changes back into the master repository, you need a
[[shell_account_on_*darnassus*|public_hurd_boxen]] and need to be a member of
the *hurd-web* group. (It's also recommended that you set up your local
SSH configuration as advised on that page.) If you have an account on there:
$ git clone darnassus:~hurd-web/hurd-web.git [dest]
If you don't have such an account or don't have your login data handy, you can
still get pages the read-only way, see the *Clone* URLs given on
$ git clone git://darnassus.sceen.net/hurd-web.git [dest]
$ git clone http://darnassus.sceen.net/cgit/hurd-web.git [dest]
Or, you can check out the Savannah repository:
$ git clone git://git.savannah.gnu.org/hurd/web.git [dest]
$ git clone http://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/hurd/web.git [dest]
See <http://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/hurd/web.git>. If you're using the `ssh`
protocol, and you're a member of the Hurd's [[rules/Savannah_group]], you can
also push to this repository. The disadvantage of pushing to the Savannah
repository is that there is no [[ikiwiki]] installation where the pushed
changes are immediatelly rendered and viewable by everyone.
For all cases: if you omit `[dest]` it will default to `hurd-web` for the
darnassus repository, or `web` for a Savannah clone.
Later, you can just `cd` into the `hurd-web` or `web` directory, and, for
example, run `git pull` to get hold of the latest changes others have been
installing in the mean time.
## Editing the Content
But now: work on these files.
$ cd hurd-web/
$ emacs hurd/ng.mdwn
$ # Check what you've done.
$ git diff hurd/ng.mdwn
$ git commit hurd/ng.mdwn
$ # Add a new file.
$ emacs microkernel/mach/issues.mdwn
$ git add microkernel/mach/issues.mdwn
$ git commit microkernel/mach/issues.mdwn
Remember that at this stage your commits have only been installed into your
personal working copy. You'll finally have to explicitly install your changes
into the master repository, see below.
## Preview Changes
You can also locally get the whole set of pages rendered to HTML:
Now open `hurd-web.rendered/index.html' to browse the pages.
### ikiwiki's `w3mmode`
If you're a [`w3m`](http://w3m.sourceforge.net/) user, you can also use `w3m`
to edit your files locally, as it were done through the web interface at
First, generate the wrapper. Unless the configuration is changed, this has to
be done only once.
$ hurd-web/render_locally --w3m-wrapper
successfully generated /home/thomas/.ikiwiki/wrappers/hurd-web.cgi
Render the pages:
$ hurd-web/render_locally --w3m
Now open `hurd-web.rendered.w3m/index.html' to browse the pages.
$ w3m hurd-web.rendered.w3m/index.html
Or, to directly create a new page:
$ w3m 'file:///$LIB/ikiwiki-w3m.cgi/hurd-web.cgi?page=open_issues/gnumach_has_a_bug&do=create'
Note that the changes you do via `w3m` will not be committed to the VCS (see
[[render_locally]] for details.)
## Publish Your Changes
If you like what you've done, then it's now time to publish your changes.
If you can push directly into the master repository this is really simple:
$ git push
Updating web pages. This may up to a few minutes at the utmost...
If you can't do that, then first prepare to publish your changes:
$ git format-patch -M -B origin
See through the generated `*.patch` files and simply delete those you don't
want to publish.
Finally, publish the good ones. If you have a local mail transfer agent
running, the following is all you have to do:
$ git send-email --to email@example.com *.patch
If you don't have an MTA running, you'll have to find another way: either post
the `*.patch` files to <firstname.lastname@example.org> or upload them somewhere for us to
download them from.
# New Year Procedure
Files to update:
* `/config_edittemplate/*.mdwn`, `/.templates/autotag.tmpl`