[[!meta copyright="Copyright © 2007, 2008, 2009 Free Software Foundation,
[[!meta license="""[[!toggle id="license" text="GFDL 1.2+"]][[!toggleable
id="license" text="Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this
document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or
any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant
Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license
is included in the section entitled
(!) Some general hints first; they may sound very familiar from other software
* Do independent changes *separately*: don't aggregate changes that don't
* Install your changes *early* and *often*: don't hold your contribution back
until you think it is perfect.
Before doing any changes, you are encouraged to play a bit in the
[[sandbox]], to become familiar with the [[ikiwiki/Markdown]] syntax. Get some
Please comment every change you make, however small. Keep all comments short
and to the point, e.g. "Fixed typo." or "Added link to main page.".
Feel free to ask questions or report problems on every page's [[discussion]]
sub-page. They're reachable from the *Discussion* link on the top of the page,
which will, when selected, create a new page if there isn't one yet.
Every page on the site is editable, like in a wiki. Feel free to join in, but
we do have some simple requests. Please try to match the *tone* of your topics
and edits with the existing topics. If we all pull in the same direction these
pages will be more useful for everyone, especially for our own use.
When you commit changes, either using the web interface or checking them in
into the repository, they'll not become visible on
<http://www.gnu.org/software/hurd/> immediatelly, but first of all only on
<http://www.bddebian.com:8888/~hurd-web/> instead. The former set of pages,
the official GNU Hurd web appearance, will be updated periodically (but
manually) from the latter one, where every edit is visible immediatelly. This
is so that we have a chance to have the pages make fit for appearance on
`www.gnu.org`, but you are nevertheless able to work on all pages
# Edit Via the Web Interface
When you found a page you want to work on, just follow the *Edit* link on the
top of the page. When doing this for the first time, this will first transfer
you to a page where you have to create an account. After logging in, you
can edit the pages.
# Working on a Checkout of the git Repository
(!) What is being described here are only the basics. The checkouts are
completely valid git repositories and can (and want to) be treated as such.
Consult the git documentation about how to shuffle around with branches, how to
rename files, how to upload arbitrary data files, and so on.
(!) Before attempting any bigger editing work (to which you are sincerely
invited!) be sure to check the involved pages' *Discussion* subpages (linked
from the pages' header line) and in there take down (short) notes about the
editing endeavors you're going to undertake. Doing so should help to (a) avoid
double work and (b) avoid merge conflict if you install your changes into the
First, let's make sure that you're properly identifying yourself towards git.
$ git var GIT_AUTHOR_IDENT
Thomas Schwinge <email@example.com> 1186743435 +0200
If it doesn't look akin to that for you, you'd better adjust either your
`EMAIL` environment variable or alternatively tell git about your real
$ git config --global user.name 'Your Name'
$ git config --global user.email firstname.lastname@example.org
For being able to do a checkout from which you can later directly push your
changes back into the master repository, you need a
[[shell_account_on_*flubber*|public_hurd_boxen]] and need to be a member of
the *hurd-web* group. (It's also very much recommenable that you set up your local
ssh configuration as advised on that page.) If you have an account on there:
$ git clone flubber:~hurd-web/hurd-web [dest]
If you don't have such an account or don't have your login data handy, you can
still get the pages the read-only way.
Note that this -- currently -- is not the data from the master server, but from
a mirror of it, so it may be lacking behind a bit from time to time.
$ git clone git://git.savannah.gnu.org/hurd/web.git [dest]
If that also doesn't work out, you have yet another chance: pull over the http
protocol. Not very efficient (read: rather inefficient), but it works. This
is also read-only.
$ git clone http://www.bddebian.com:8888/git/hurd-web [dest]
For all cases: if you omit `[dest]` it will default to `hurd-web`.
Later, you can just `cd` into the `hurd-web` directory and run a `git pull` to get
hold of the latest changes others have been installing in the mean time. (Even
better would be to do a `git fetch`, followed by a `git rebase origin/master`
to avoid those *Merge branch ...* messages. See the git documentation for
But now: work on these files.
$ cd hurd-web/
$ emacs hurd/ng.mdwn
$ # Check what you've done.
$ git diff hurd/ng.mdwn
$ git commit hurd/ng.mdwn
$ # Add a new file.
$ emacs microkernel/mach/issues.mdwn
$ git add microkernel/mach/issues.mdwn
$ git commit microkernel/mach/issues.mdwn
Remember that at this stage your commits have only been installed into your
personal working copy. You'll finally have to explicitly install your changes
into the master repository, see below.
You can also locally get the whole set of pages rendered to HTML:
Now open `hurd-web.rendered/index.html' to browse the pages.
If you like what you've done, then it's now time to publish your changes.
If you can push directly into the master repository this is really simple:
$ git push
Updating web pages. This may up to a few minutes at the utmost...
If you can't do that, then first prepare to publish your changes:
$ git format-patch -M -B origin
See through the generated `*.patch` files and simply delete those you don't
want to publish.
Finally, publish the good ones. If you have a local mail transfer agent
running, the following is all you have to do:
$ git send-email --to email@example.com *.patch
If you don't have an MTA running, you'll have to find another way: either post
the `*.patch` files to <firstname.lastname@example.org> or upload them somewhere for us to
download them from.