summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/unsorted
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorThomas Schwinge <tschwinge@gnu.org>2009-04-05 18:39:14 +0200
committerThomas Schwinge <tschwinge@gnu.org>2009-04-05 18:39:14 +0200
commit714738c3aa0d5625cc7dccf0e8c3f1414b8930c6 (patch)
tree026befb123a6bb1ee081e1d4e2dd533557b26e4f /unsorted
parentc703b8b98e427c143d9c7b162653dc7d24e49d15 (diff)
unsorted/PortingIssues -> hurd/porting/guidelines
Diffstat (limited to 'unsorted')
-rw-r--r--unsorted/PortingIssues.mdwn270
1 files changed, 0 insertions, 270 deletions
diff --git a/unsorted/PortingIssues.mdwn b/unsorted/PortingIssues.mdwn
deleted file mode 100644
index 03980ef..0000000
--- a/unsorted/PortingIssues.mdwn
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,270 +0,0 @@
-## <a name="Table_of_Contents"> Table of Contents </a>
-
-%TOC%
-
-## <a name="Overview"> Overview </a>
-
-This is a recompilation of common porting problems and their solutions. Information is gathered from the following sources:
-
-* [Debian GNU/Hurd port guidelines](http://www.debian.org/ports/hurd/hurd-devel-debian)
-
-* [James Morrison's GNU/Hurd pages](http://hurd.dyndns.org/)
-
-as well as other misc. sources.
-
-First of all, see [[BtsFiling]] if you need instructions on manipulating [Debian](http://www.debian.org/) source packages and submitting patches to their [Bug Tracking System](http://bugs.debian.org/).
-
-## <a name="System_API_limitations"> </a> System API limitations
-
-Sometimes building or running a program will fail due to bugs in the system API implementation (in Glibc and the Hurd). Make sure you check this list and know them before porting, otherwise you'll end up debugging something just to find out its an already known bug.
-
-We maintain a separate Wiki page for information on these bugs, see [[Distrib/SystemAPILimits]]
-
-If you think you can fix any of them and send a patch to the debian BTS, that'd be much appreciated. You may ask in <bug-hurd@gnuNOSPAM.org> for details or questions on the bug.
-
-## <a name="Undefined_bits_confname_h_tt_mac"> Undefined `bits/confname.h` macros (`PIPE_BUF`, ...) </a>
-
-If macro `XXX` is undefined, but macro `_SC_XXX` or `_PC_XXX` is defined in `bits/confname.h`, you probably need to use `sysconf`, `pathconf` or `fpathconf` to obtain it dynamicaly.
-
-The following macros have been found in this offending situation (add more if you find them): `PIPE_BUF`
-
-An example with `sysconf`: (when you find a `sysconf` offending macro, put a better example)
-
- #ifndef XXX
- #define XXX sysconf(_SC_XXX)
- #endif
- /* offending code using XXX follows */
-
-An example with `fpathconf`:
-
- #ifdef PIPE_BUF
- read(fd, buff, PIPE_BUF - 1);
- #else
- read(fd, buff, fpathconf(fd, _PC_PIPE_BUF) - 1);
- #endif
- /* note we can't #define PIPE_BUF, because it depends
- on the "fd" variable */
-
-## <a name="Bad_File_Descriptor"> Bad File Descriptor </a>
-
-If you get Bad File Descriptor error when trying to read from a file (or accessing it at all), check the `open()` invocation. The second argument is the access method. If it is a hard coded number instead of a symbol defined in the standard header files, the code is screwed and should be fixed to either use `O_RDONLY`, `O_WRONLY` or `O_RDWR`. This bug was observed in the `fortunes` and `mtools` packages for example.
-
-## <a name="PATH_MAX_tt_MAX_PATH_tt_MAXPATHL"> `PATH_MAX` / `MAX_PATH` / `MAXPATHLEN` </a>
-
-Every unconditionalized use of `PATH_MAX`, `MAX_PATH` or `MAXPATHLEN` is a POSIX incompatibility. If there is no upper limit on the length of a path (as its the case for GNU), this symbol is not defined in any header file. Instead, you need to either use a different implementation that does not rely on the length of a string or use `sysconf()` to query the length at runtime. If `sysconf()` returns -1, you have to use `realloc()` to allocate the needed memory dynamically. Usually it is thus simpler to just use dynamic allocation. Sometimes the amount is actually known. Else, a geometrically growing loop can be used: for instance, see [Alioth patch](http://alioth.debian.org/tracker/download.php/30628/410472/303735/1575/cpulimit-path-max-fix.patch). Note that in some cases there are GNU extensions that just work fine: when the `__GLIBC__` macro is defined, `getcwd()` calls can be just replaced by `get_current_dir_name()` calls.
-
-## <a name="ARG_MAX"> `ARG_MAX` </a>
-
-Same rationale as `PATH_MAX`. There is no limit on the number of arguments.
-
-## <a name="IOV_MAX"> `IOV_MAX` </a>
-
-Same rationale as `PATH_MAX`. There is no limit on the number of iovec items.
-
-## <a name="MAXHOSTNAMELEN_tt_"> `MAXHOSTNAMELEN` </a>
-
-Same as `PATH_MAX`. When you find a `gethostname()` function, which acts on a static buffer, you can replace it with Neal's [xgethostname function](http://ftp.walfield.org/pub/people/neal/xgethostname/) which returns the hostname as a dynamic buffer. For example:
-
-Buggy code:
-
- char localhost[MAXHOSTNAMELEN];
- ...
- gethostname(localhost, sizeof(localhost));
-
-Fixed code:
-
- #include "xgethostname.h"
- ...
- char *localhost;
- ...
- localhost = xgethostname();
- if (! localhost)
- {
- perror ("xgethostname");
- return ERROR;
- }
- ...
- /* use LOCALHOST. */
- free (localhost);
-
-## <a name="NOFILE_tt_"> `NOFILE` </a>
-
-Replace with `getrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE,...)`
-
-## <a name="GNU_specific_define_tt_"> </a> GNU specific `#define`
-
-If you need to include specific code for GNU/Hurd using `#if` ... `#endif`, then you can use the `__GNU__` symbol to do so. But think (at least) thrice! before doing so. In most situations, this is completely unnecessary and will create more problems than it may solve. Better ask on the mailing list how to do it right if you can't think of a better solution.
-
-## <a name="sys_errlist_tt_vs_strerror_tt_"> `sys_errlist[]` vs. `strerror()` </a>
-
-If a program has only support for `sys_errlist[]` you will have to do some work to make it compile on GNU, which has dropped support for it and does only provide `strerror()`. Steinar Hamre writes about `strerror()`:
-
-`strerror()` should be used because:
-
-* It is the modern, POSIX way.
-* It is localized.
-* It handles invalid signals/numbers out of range. (better errorhandling and not a buffer-overflow-candidate/security risk)
-
-`strerror()` should always be used if it is available. Unfortunaly there are still some old non-POSIX systems that do not have `strerror()`, only `sys_errlist[]`.
-
-Today, only supporting `strerror()` is far better than only supporting `sys_errlist[]`. The best (from a portability viewpoint), however is supporting both. For configure.in, you will need:
-
- AC_CHECK_FUNCS(strerror)
-
-To `config.h.in`, you need to add:
-
- #undef HAVE_STRERROR
-
-Then something like:
-
- #ifndef HAVE_STRERROR
- static char *
- private_strerror (errnum)
- int errnum;
- {
- extern char *sys_errlist[];
- extern int sys_nerr;
-
- if (errnum > 0 && errnum <= sys_nerr)
- return sys_errlist[errnum];
-
- return "Unknown system error";
- }
- #define strerror private_strerror
- #endif /* HAVE_STRERROR */
-
-You can for example look in the latest coreutils (the above is a simplified version of what I found there.) Patches should of course be sent to upstream maintainers, this is very useful even for systems with a working `sys_errlist[]`.
-
-Of course, if you don't care about broken systems (like MS-DOG) not supporting `strerror()` you can just replace `sys_errlist[]` directly (upstream might not accept your patch, but debian should have no problem)
-
-## <a name="C++_error_t"> C++, `error_t` and `E*` </a>
-
-On the Hurd, `error_t` is an enumeration of the `E*` constants. However, C++
-does not like `E*` integer macros being directly assigned to that enumeration. In short, replace
-
- error_t err = EINTR;
-
-by
-
- error_t err = error_t(EINTR);
-
-## <a name="Filenames_ending_in_a_slash_"> Filenames ending in a slash \`/' </a>
-
-Those are evil if they don't exist and you want to name a directory this way. For example, `mkdir foobar/` will not work on GNU. This is POSIX compatible. POSIX says that the path of a directory may have slashes appended to it. But the directory does not exist yet, so the path does not refer to a directory, and hence trailing slashes are not guaranteed to work. Just drop the slashes, and you're fine.
-
-## <a name="Missing_termio_h_tt_"> Missing `termio.h` </a>
-
-Change it to use `termios.h` (check for it properly with autoconf `HAVE_TERMIOS_H` or the `__GLIBC__` macro)
-
-Also, change calls to `ioctl(fd, TCGETS, ...)` and `ioctl(fd, TCSETS, ...)` with `tcgetattr(fd, ...)` and `tcsetattr(fd, ...)`.
-
-## <a name="AC_HEADER_TERMIO_tt_"> `AC_HEADER_TERMIO` </a>
-
-The autoconf check for `AC_HEADER_TERMIO` tryes to check for termios, but it's only really checking for termio in `termios.h`. It is better to use `AC_CHECK_HEADERS(termio.h termios.h)`
-
-## <a name="_IOT"> missing `_IOT` </a>
-
-This comes from ioctls. Fixing this is easy if the structure members can be expressed by using the _IOT() macro, else it's simply impossible... See `bits/termios.h` for an instance:
-
-`#define _IOT_termios /* Hurd ioctl type field. */ \
- _IOT (_IOTS (tcflag_t), 4, _IOTS (cc_t), NCCS, _IOTS (speed_t), 2)`
-
-because `struct termios` holds 4 members of type `tcflag_ts`, then `NCCS`
-members of type `cc_tsi` and finaly 2 members of type `speed_ts`.
-
-As you can see, this limits the number of kinds of members to 3, and in
-addition to that (see the bitfield described in `ioctls.h`), the third
-kind of member is limited to 3 members. However, since at the API
-compatibility layer you are generally allowed to reorder fields in
-structures, you can usually manage to fit into these limits.
-
-Note: if a field member is a pointer, then the ioctl can't be expressed
-this way, and that makes sense, since the server you're talking to
-doesn't have direct access to your memory. Ways other than ioctls must
-then be found.
-
-## <a name="SA_SIGINFO"> `SA_SIGINFO` </a>
-
-Not implemented, packages may be fixed for working around this: use void sighandler(int num) prototype and sa_handler field.
-
-## <a name="SOL_IP"> `SOL_IP` </a>
-
-Not implemented yet.
-
-## <a name="HZ"> `HZ` </a>
-
-Linuxish and doesn't even make sense since the value may vary according to the running kernel. Should use `sysconf(_SC_CLK_TCK)` or `CLK_TCK` instead.
-
-## <a name="SIOCDEVPRIVATE"> `SIOCDEVPRIVATE` </a>
-
-Oh, we should probably provide it.
-
-## <a name="MAP_NORESERVE"> `MAP_NORESERVE` </a>
-
-Not POSIX, but we could implement it.
-
-## <a name="O_DIRECT"> `O_DIRECT` </a>
-
-Long story to implement.
-
-## <a name="PTHREAD_ERRORCHECK_MUTEX_INITIALIZER_NP"> `PTHREAD_ERRORCHECK_MUTEX_INITIALIZER_NP` </a>
-
-We could easily provide it;
-
-## <a name="PTHREAD_STACK_MIN"> `PTHREAD_STACK_MIN` </a>
-
-We should actually provide it.
-
-## <a name="types"> `linux/types.h` or `asm/types.h` </a>
-
-These are not POSIX, `sys/types.h` and `stdint.h` should be used instead.
-
-## <a name="iopl"> `iopl` </a>
-
-Not supported. Try to replace with `ioperm(0, 65536, 1)` (conditionned with `__GNU__` as that will not work in Linux).
-
-## <a name="iopl"> `semget`, `sem_open` </a>
-
-Not implemented, will always fail. Use `sem_init()` instead if possible.
-
-## <a name="net/..."> `net/if_arp.h`, `net/ethernet.h`, etc. </a>
-
-Not implemented, not POSIX. Try to disable the feature in the package.
-
-## <a name="broken_libc6_dependency"> broken libc6 dependency </a>
-
-Some packages use an erroneous dependency on `libc6-dev`. This is incorrect because `libc6` is specific to GNU/Linux. The corresponding package for GNU is `libc0.3-dev` but other OSes will have different ones. You can locate the problem in the `debian/control` file of the source tree. Typical solutions include detecting the OS using `dpkg-architecture` and hardcoding the soname, or better, use a logical OR. eg: `libc6-dev | libc0.3-dev | libc-dev`. The `libc-dev` is a virtual package that works for any soname but you have to put it only as the last option.
-
-----
-
-## <a name="ChangeLog"> ChangeLog </a>
-
--- [[Main/TWikiGuest]] - 13 Jan 2005
-
-Fix xgethostname example. - Neal
-
--- [[Main/RobertMillan]] - 22 Jul 2002
-
-Formatting and minor grammatical fixes.
-
--- [[Main/JoachimNilsson]] - 09 Sep 2002
-
-Added more examples and misc semantical fixes.
-
--- [[Main/RobertMillan]] - 05 Oct 2002
-
-Added `xgethostname` example.
-
--- [[Main/RobertMillan]] - 15 Nov 2002
-
-Added broken libc6 dependency
-
--- [[Main/RobertMillan]] - 21 Nov 2002
-
-Text formatting.
-
--- Ognyan Kulev - 12 Mar 2003
-
-Added `ioctl` entry.
-
--- [[Main/RobertMillan]] - 19 Mar 2003