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author764582402 <764582402@web>2016-04-06 03:23:51 +0200
committerGNU Hurd web pages engine <web-hurd@gnu.org>2016-04-06 03:23:51 +0200
commit20a22829ce555fd72532b4572112c7a8b6e18c29 (patch)
tree24cfdbac7f970fc7fd03cf0442bbc8d30a0c9297 /microkernel/mach/gnumach.mdwn
parentf901b6bb3753be05a2c3121e03e3aece59ecfaa7 (diff)
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--- a/microkernel/mach/gnumach.mdwn
+++ b/microkernel/mach/gnumach.mdwn
@@ -7,82 +7,75 @@ document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or
any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant
Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license
is included in the section entitled [[GNU Free Documentation
-License|/fdl]]."]]"""]]
+License|/fdl]].translator:zlc;email:764582402@qq.com"]]"""]]
-GNU Mach is the microkernel upon which a GNU Hurd system is based. It provides
-an Inter Process Communication (IPC) mechanism that the Hurd uses to define
-interfaces for implementing in a distributed multi-server fashion the services
-a traditional operating system kernel provides.
+GNU Mach 是一款微内核, GNU Hurd 系统基于此微内核构建。其提供了进程间通信机制
+(Inter Process Communication,IPC),通过该机制将Hurd实现为分布式多服务器,
+Hurd据此实现接口,从而实现传统操作系统提供的服务。
-It is maintained by the Hurd developers for the GNU project and remains
-compatible with [[Mach]] 3.0.
+GNU Mach 作为 GNU Project 由 Hurd开发人员进行维护,并和 [[Mach]] 3.0 保持兼容。
-The majority of GNU Mach's [[device_driver]]s are from Linux 2.0. They were
-added using glue code, i.e., a Linux [[emulation]] layer in Mach.
+GNU Mach 主要的 [[设备驱动(device_drivers)]] 来自 Linux 2.0。这些驱动依靠
+Mach 中的 Linux [[emulation]] 层运行。
-GNU Mach runs on x86 machines. See the
-[[hardware_compatibility_list]] and information about
-[[ports]] to other architectures.
+GNU Mach 运行在 x86 机上。详细信息参见
+[[硬件兼容列表(hardware_compatibility_list)]],还有关于[[移植(ports)]]到其
+他架构上的信息。
-The latest release is [[GNU Mach 1.6|news/2015-10-31-releases]].
+最新版本:[[GNU Mach 1.6|news/2015-10-31-releases]]。
-# Advantages of GNU Mach
-GNU Mach is not the most advanced [[microkernel]] known to the planet, nor is
-it the fastest or smallest, but it has a rich set of [[interface]]s and some
-features which make it useful as the base of the [[Hurd]] system.
+# GNU Mach 的优点
- * **it's free software**
-
- Anybody can use, modify, and redistribute it under the terms of the
- [[GNU_General_Public_License_(GPL)|gpl]].
+GNU Mach 不是世界上已知最先进的 [[微内核(microkernel)]],也不是最小、最快的,
+但是其拥有作为 [[Hurd]] 系统基础的,丰富的 [[接口(interfaces)]] 以及特性。
- * **it's built to survive**
-
- As a [[microkernel]], GNU Mach doesn't implement a lot of the features
- commonly found in an operating system, but only the bare minimum that is
- required to implement a full operating system on top of it. This means
- that a lot of the operating system code is maintained outside of GNU Mach,
- and while this code may go through a complete redesign, the code of the
- microkernel can remain comparatively stable.
-
- * **it's scalable**
+
+ * **是开放源码的**
- Mach is particularly well suited for SMP and network cluster techniques.
- Thread support is provided at the kernel level, and the kernel itself takes
- advantage of that. Network transparency at the [[IPC]] level makes
- resources of the system available across machine boundaries (with NORMA
- IPC, currently not available in GNU Mach).
+ 任何人在 [[GNU_General_Public_License_(GPL)|gpl]] 的授权下,都可以对其使用
+ ,修改,并且二次发布。
- * **it exists**
+ * **是易于维护的**
- The Mach microkernel is real software that works Right Now. It is not a
- research or a proposal. You don't have to wait at all before you can start
- using and developing it. Mach has been used in many operating systems in
- the past, usually as the base for a single UNIX server. In the GNU system,
- Mach is the base of a functional multi-server operating system, the
- [[Hurd]].
+ 作为一款 [[微内核(microkernel)]],GNU Mach 没有实现太多其他操作系统都有的
+ 特性,而是仅仅实现了一个用于在其上实现完整的操作系统的,所需特性的最小集
+ 合。这意味着操作系统大量的代码将剥离 GNU Mach,在其外部进行维护;当这些代码
+ 需要重构的时候,微内核的代码仍能保持稳定的兼容性。
+
+ * **是可于扩展的**
+ Mach 能非常良好的支持 SMP 和网络集群技术。提供内核级的线程支持,并且内核本
+ 身都因此受益。在 [[IPC]] 层的网络透明使得系统可以提供机器边界的资源
+ (目前 GNU Mach 不对NORMA IPC提供支持)。
-# Booting
+ * **是实际存在的**
-To actually use the kernel and boot the GNU operating system, you need a boot
-loader. Not all boot loaders are capable to boot the GNU system, you need one
-that supports the multiboot standard. The bootloader of the GNU system is
-[[GNU_GRUB|grub]], which supports a broad range of operating systems including
-GNU/Hurd.
+ Mach 微内核是真实存在的,并且现在就可以使用。其不是一个研究或者倡议。用户不
+ 需要等待,现在就可以开始使用并开发它。Mach 在过去曾经被用在很多操作系统中,
+ 通常作为一个独立 UNIX 服务器的基础。在 GNU 系统,Mach 作为一个使用的多服务
+ 器操作系统([[Hurd]])的基础。
-# Development
+# 启动
- * [[Reference_Manual]]
- * [[Building]]
- * [[Debugging]]
- * [[Boot_Trace]]
- * [[Memory_Management]]
+想要实际的使用这个内核并引导 GNU 操作系统,用户需要一个启动引导程序
+(boot loader)。不是所有的启动引导程序都能启动 GNU 操作系统,用户需要一个支持
+多重引导启动标准(multiboot standard)的启动引导程序。 GNU 操作系统可使用
+[[GNU_GRUB|grub]],其支持非常多的操作系统,包括 GNU/Hurd。
+
+
+# 开发
+
+ * [[参考手册(Reference_Manual)]]
+ * [[构建(Building)]]
+ * [[调试(Debugging)]]
+ * [[启动跟踪(Boot_Trace)]]
+ * [[内存管理(Memory_Management)]]
* [[Continuation]]s
- * [[Preemption]]
- * [[Projects]]
- * [[Rules]]
+ * [[抢占(Preemption)]]
+ * [[项目(Projects)]]
+ * [[规则(Rules)]]
* [[Open Issues|tag/open_issue_gnumach]]
+